This is one of the earliest "accurate" maps of Iceland. The version shown here is the Frontispiece in James Nicol's An Historical and Descriptive Account of Iceland, Greenland, and the Faroe Islands (1841).
Most of the travellers to Iceland in the 19th Century confined their visits to the south-western part of Iceland. The map shown here is a detail of this part of the island taken from the national map shown above.
Here is a small map published by Mrs. Disney Leith in her Peeps At Many Lands: Iceland (1908).
In the early 1980s I published an academic article on the impacts of the Laki eruption of 1783 on settlement and population in Iceland. I drew this map to show the pattern of farm abandonment and recovery in the affected area.
As part of the academic article on the Laki eruption mentioned above, I conducted an analysis of population changes between 1703 (the first national census) and 1825. The graph shows the devastating rise in the death rate immediately after the erpution, resulting in a more than twenty-percent decline in population. Equally remarkably, Iceland's population total returned to its pre-eruption high within about four decades.
Travels in 19th-Century Iceland home page